The Visible Earths
01- Nazca,Cocos,Caribbean
02- Pre-Cambrian
03- Shields of the Earth
04- Shield Re-assembly
05- Volcanic Activity
06- Hinge Faults
07- Himalayas
08- Juan De Fuca, Gorda
09- Ring of Fire
10- Oceans Closed
11- Earthquake Waves
12- Mirror Plates
13- Interior
14- Continent Reflections
15- Earthquake Paths
16- Object in the interior
17- Magnetic Mirror
18- Full Expansion
19- Contraction
20- Shield Volcanoes
21- Valles Marineris
22- Entry Point of Mars
  The Gas Giants
23- The Gas Giants
24- Asteroids
25- Mercury
26- Venus' Crust
27- Gravity Anomalies
28- Free-Air Correction
29- Rudimentary America
30- Magma Oceans
31- Full Sequence & Notes

10 - Oceans closed

Click here for enlarged diagram


The closing of the Pacific brings the planet surface to the point before the seabeds spread. When all the continental shelves meet the sphere has an approximate diameter of 6,800 km, an expansion which appears to be caused by displacement from the 2,000 km wide object which entered the planet's interior through the Indian plate.

The original shields are separated at this stage only by the younger continental rock that lies between them. This is at the point before the beginning of the second expansion.

NOTE: This section deals only with the basic surface activity. The questions of interior and the cause of the second expansion, from the continental shelves to the present seabeds, will be dealt with separately. See: Full Sequence And Notes

Alan Lambert 2010