The Visible Earths
01- Nazca,Cocos,Caribbean
02- Pre-Cambrian
03- Shields of the Earth
04- Shield Re-assembly
05- Volcanic Activity
06- Hinge Faults
07- Himalayas
08- Juan De Fuca, Gorda
09- Ring of Fire
10- Oceans Closed
11- Earthquake Waves
12- Mirror Plates
13- Interior
14- Continent Reflections
15- Earthquake Paths
16- Object in the interior
17- Magnetic Mirror
18- Full Expansion
19- Contraction
20- Shield Volcanoes
21- Valles Marineris
22- Entry Point of Mars
  The Gas Giants
23- The Gas Giants
24- Asteroids
25- Mercury
26- Venus' Crust
27- Gravity Anomalies
28- Free-Air Correction
29- Rudimentary America
30- Magma Oceans
31- Full Sequence & Notes

09 - Ring of Fire

Click here for enlarged diagram


The belt of earthquake and volcanic activity that runs around the edge of the Pacific Ocean is called the 'Ring of Fire'. The compressional fault lines and subduction zones in this region create the fold mountain ranges along the west coasts of North and South America and many of the volcanic island chains and earthquake activity of the South East Asian seas. In this model the overall expansion of the Pacific seabeds ( pushing outwards opposite the point of original impact and entry, the Indian plate ). The new seabeds slip back under the continents, back into the mantle, while simultaneously pushing the continental plates apart.

Comparing this to the pattern of volcanic activity after the original impact shows that the Pacific effectively closes and all land masses around the Ring of Fire meet. North and South America rejoin along their west coasts, Australia, Antractica and Africa are pulled in to fill the main sweep of the Pacific. Africa rejoins the East coast of South America and the East coast of Australia meets Canada and Alaska. It is important to re-iterate that this re-alignment ( although this section does ot touch on the interior ) is consistent with the positioning of fault types ( if an allowance is made for a re-interpretation of certain compressional areas, as outlined abve ) and also consistent with the magnetic striping of the continental plates and the original shields ( see enlarged diagram ).

Note: It is this particular movement of the folding back onto itself of North and South America and the central American faults acting as a hinge which differs from the Expanding Earth models aswell as from conventional Plate-Tectonics ( see: 'Origins: Pangea X' ). Expanding Earth ( 'eess' ) also does not go back as far as reconstructing the earliest Pe-Cambrian Shields.

Alan Lambert 2010