Mars Mission
01- Canals
02- Mariners
03- Riverbeds
04- Sub-surface Ice
05- Fleet
06- Martian Ice
07- Slope Streaks
08- Water Found
09- Phyllocian Era
10- Theikian Era
11- Siderikan Era
12- Martian Regions
13- Obliquity
14- Martian Tectonics
15- Topographic Morph
16- Crustal Magnetism
17- Original Impact
18- Polar Regions
19- Hydrated Minerals
20- Theikian Warming
21- New Phoenix Snow
22- Equatorial Glaciers
23- Ancient Ice
24- Continental Snow Drift

18 - Polar Regions

Click here for enlarged diagram


Rather than an extreme fluctuation in obliquity through to a modest present 25 degrees, and a dramatic, virtually global ice sheet 4 billion ago, receding to a more modest northern cap between 5 and 3.5 million years ago, the positioning of the water-ice in my contraction model suggests less extreme fluctuations in obliquity and less severe ice coverage but a consistent movement of the crust out of the polar regions into more equatorial latitudes. This suggests that the reason for the presence of water-ice in mid-latitudes and even at the equator, from the phyllocian era and the turn of the Theikian era, is because those areas of crust used to lie within the polar region.

  Alan Lambert 2009